Ruby: Most Popular Articles
This article explains and teaches how to use a associative arrays (hashes) as a way to store multiple variables in one data structure.
Use command-line arguments to pass parameters to your Ruby scripts from the command line.
Learn how to use the command line interface on Windows, Linux and OS X to run rb files and use the interactive Ruby program. Page 2.
Problem: You encounter an error reading NameError: uninitialized constant Something or NameError: uninitialized constant Object::Something (with various class names in place of Something).
The following is a list of articles that will show you how to write, style and deploy a URL shortener (like TinyURL) application in Ruby on Rails.
URL shortening is a useful feature for any Rails application. Making it easy for people to share links to your content is always a good thing.
Using environment variables in Ruby.
Loops, including while and include loops, are one of the most commonly used constructs in computer programs. Page 2.
This article explains and teaches how to use a arrays as a way to store multiple variables in one data structure.
String manipulation using the split method in Ruby. Split strings into a list of substrings.
Use comments to annotate your Ruby code.
The case statement is a control structure that is usually quite limited in other programming langauges. However, it's quite powerful and flexible in Ruby.
Unless user input is a single word or number, that input will need to be split, or turned into a list of strings or numbers.
Problem: You encounter an error reading NameError: undefined local variable or method `a' for #
What type of language is the Ruby programming language?
How to install Ruby on the Linux operating system.
The 'require' method is the reusable code mechanism in Ruby. It allows you to import other source files into your programs.
Using and manipulating strings and substrings in Ruby. Page 4.
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There are two basic things you can do with an object: call a method on it and access an attribute. Ruby doesn't make a distinction between these things, but it does give you some tools to make some methods act like attributes.
The basics of strings, string interpolation, single and double quotes, escape sequences and alternate string literal syntaxes.
How to use the command line interface on Windows, Linux and OS X to run Ruby scripts and use the interactive Ruby program.
Ruby comes equipped with a powerful and flexible tool to parse command-line options, OptionParser. The class is an alternative to GetoptLong for analyzing command line options.
Before we get too invested in our blog, we need to set up some authentication. We'll be using the popular and capable Devise gem to handle authentication.
This Ruby script for Twitter is what's often referred to as a "mashup." Mashups interface one protocol
Aliasing is a powerful Ruby feature that allows more than one method to be referred to by multiple names. This can be used to give a programmer more expressive options or to create copies of a method, allowing you to change the behavior of a class.
It's easy to jump into parsing and generating JSON in Ruby with the json gem. It provides an API for parsing JSON from text as well as generating JSON text from arbitrary Ruby objects. It's easily the most used JSON library in Ruby.
In the previous article in this series, we discussed the basics of the Dir class. Particularly useful was the Dir.for each method for iterating over all files in a directory. However, this only goes so far. What if you want to iterate over only some files (for example, just XML files) in a directory?
How do Ruby and Python compare in terms of features, form and function?
The basics of using Bundler are very trivial, you can be up and running in just a few minutes.
Using OptionParser to parse command line options is a preferable alternative to GetoptLong or looking through ARGV manually. But how do you use it?
Instance variables are some of the most common and important variables types in Ruby. They begin with the at sign (@) and allow objects to track their internal state.
Iterating over arrays isn't the only trick up Ruby's sleeve. Having the ability to map arrays (and other enumerable collections) is a powerful feature.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The ternary (or
How to use the logger library to create and write to log files in Ruby.
How to install the Ruby interpreter on Windows, Linux and OS X.
Ruby objects are instantiated using the Class.new method, and initialize using their own initialize methods.
Net::SSH is a way for Ruby to interact with SSH (Secure Shell) protocol. It relies on the OpenSSL library for encryption.
Using hashes to simulate optional named parameters in methods.
What do you do when a new version of Rails comes out? Build a blog, of course. The blog is kind of the hello, world application of the web application world.
How do you create hashes from tabular data? There are a few ways, but there's a way built into Ruby that fits onto a single line.
Installing the Ruby Version Manager (RVM) on Linux
How to install the Ruby interpreter on the Windows operating system.
The gem command is one of the most used Ruby-related commands. This article shows 25 Gem Commands and their functions.
It's often necessary to make a copy of a value in Ruby. While this may seem simple, and it is for simple objects, as soon as you have to make a copy of a data structure with multiple array or hashes on the same object, you will quickly find there are many pitfalls.
In the past, the Ruby “One-Click Installer” was the primary choice for installing Ruby on Windows. However, the One-Click Installer fell into disrepair and was eventually abandoned. Something new was needed, and thus, RubyInstaller was born.
Sometimes the old adage rings true: the best things in life are free. If you've wanted to learn a little Ruby, but haven't been able to fit a programming course into your budget, don't worry. There are a number of places on the Web to begin your learning, without sacrificing money or quality.
How to install Ruby on Apple OS X
What is cloud computing? Interviews with industry experts help us define cloud computing, software as service, platform as service and more.
Base64 is a way to represent any data as ASCII data. Ruby provides a few handy functions to encode and decode Base64.
It's often useful in games, simulation and unit testing to generate random numbers, Ruby provides easy access to a pseudo-random number generator.
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A crash course on what CSV is, what it is used for and how it is parsed. A method for parsing CSV files using only Ruby's built-in string methods is presented and discussed.
Can I add empty directories to Git repositories?
While simple boolean expressions will get you pretty far, you'll soon find yourself wanting to act on more than one condition. For that you'll need boolean operators.
What features do Ruby and the Java programming language share? How are they alike and how are they different?
Global variables are not often used in Ruby, however, you should at least understand their usage should you ever encounter them.
Part four of the Ruby on Rails blog tutorial shows you how to create a comments table to allow users to comment on your blog posts.
Now that you can write controller logic and views and Haml, you can start putting together some more complex application. There's one very annoying thing though: Sinatra does not reload its code whenever you make a change. If you make a change, you have to stop and restart the server. This is just an extra step and generally an annoyance. This where shotgun comes in.
Bundler is a gem dependency manager for Ruby.
How to install gems from git repositories.
We'll use a two dimensional array to represent the 2048 game board, but how do we create a 2D array in Ruby?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The speed of light
New to Ruby? Or even to programming? Find out what Ruby really is (and isn't) and why you should (and shouldn't) use it.
How to get started in Sinatra, including how to use actions, parameters, ERB and views.
How to use blocks in Ruby.
One of the most common tasks when dealing with arrays is to sort them. Luckily, Ruby makes this simple and flexible.
Be notified of Twitter updates by IM, using this Ruby script. It's a pain to switch to a Web browser every you want to check your Twitter account. This script solves that by sending you an instant message (IM) using the Jabber protocol when there's something new to see on Twitter.
Learn to search the Ruby Gems repository to find gems to add and install to your library.
Now that Rails 4 is out, let's see what's new.
It's not a very common thing in Ruby. You have more sophisticated string tools (such as split or scan), but there are times when you'd want to iterate over the characters in a string. Unicode complicates this matter, but Ruby makes it simple.
Running programs with Net::SSH is simple enough. The Session object gives you two convenient methods with which to accomplish this task.
Once you have releases tagged in the repository, it will be useful to retrieve tagged releases. For example, I want to see if a bug was present in version 0.3, so I'll want to retrieve version 0.3 and run it. Git, of course, makes this easy.
Problem: You're trying to install a gem and you encounter an error reading no such file to load -- mkmf. This doesn't always occur, only when you're trying to install gems with native C code that must be compiled.
The scaffold generator gave us something rather spartan, let's spruce this up by adapting a Wordpress theme to work with our shiny new blog.
Creating Ruby gems has always been a bit of a pain. When you get right down to it, it's not a hard thing to do, but it's easy to forget how if you don't do it often enough. There are quite a few gems to help you write other gems, but if you're using Rails 3, there's already a gem on your system that does this: Bundler.
How to add files to a Git repository.
Generating cryptographic hashes in Ruby is quite easy. Ruby provides both a built in method and gives access to OpenSSL's hashing algorithms in most installations.
Sinatra is a web framework. Simply put, it's a library that allows you to write web applications with a minimum of red tape.
Serializing an object is to convert an object to a byte stream and either store that object for future loading, or sending to another program to be loaded there. There are several common ways to serialize objects in Ruby. The Marshal module is used less often than the other methods, but it's included in the standard library.
You don't have to use version control, but you should be. In the past, version control software has been large, clunky, required servers and really was only used when working in groups. But with Git, it's so easy that you really have no excuse, you should be using version control.
There’s a lot of talk about Rack , but unless you’re a framework author yourself, you rarely see it. So what is Rack? And why, as an application developer, should you care about it?
Problem: Seemingly at random, you've encountered the error undefined method `to_sym' for nil:NilClass, or a similar error message for any method name other than to_sym.
Learning how to work with files is one of the first things new Ruby programmers learn. However, how to work with directories of files is something that's often skipped or only lightly touched upon. Ruby does have some powerful mechanisms for working with directories though.
One of the most powerful, useful and often overlooked features of RVM is the gemset. A gemset is a separate gem directory, so the gems in one gemset don't conflict with the gems in another gemset.
Part one of the Ruby on Rails blog tutorial focuses on creating a Rails project and scaffolding a basic blog post data structure.
Until Ruby 2.0, Ruby has not had true keyword arguments. You could simulate them using a hash, but as of Ruby 2.0 there's no longer any need to do that.
Text adventure games were a very popular game genre on minicomputers and microcomputers from the 1970's through the 1990's. This article series will take you through each step of making a text adventure game in Ruby.
So, you've gotten your shiny new Mac and you want to get right into Ruby programming , where how do you
In the previous article, you learned what Rack is. Now, it’s time to start using Rack and serve up some pages.
Among the new features in release of Ruby 1.9.1 is the Lambda operator, a shortcut used to make nameless methods. Learn how to use this feature introduced in Ruby 1.9.1.
Learn about the concepts of Ruby on Rails, a Model-View-Controller framework for creating database-driven websites in Ruby.
How do do various types of URL matching in Sinatra.
Input and output methods are often overlooked by many Ruby programmers. How often have you used the <b>gets</b> and <b>puts</b> methods without giving them a second glance? Learn all the features of these methods to better put them to use in your code.
The flip-flop operator is a strange case indeed: part range, part conditional.
Beyond creating arrays using literals, there are a few things you should know to get by with Arrays.
Chances are, you've spent your entire database life with relational databases. Data gets organized into columns, and stored in rows. You manipulate data with SQL (Structured Query Language) and there's really no other way to do it. There are competing SQL servers out there (MySQL, SQLite, etc), but they all more or less operate in the same way. But there's much more out there than SQL databases, especially with all the new software in the past few years.
There are several ways to run other programs in Ruby. There is the system> method, backticks, etc. However, they all spawn new processes. If there is nothing left for your Ruby program to do, it has to sit there wasting memory until the launched program finishes. The exec> method fixes this.
Variables are named references to objects in memory. Their several variants (local, instance, class, constant, etc) each have their own subtleties.
You probably know about the 'require' method (yes, it is a method, it's not a keyword), but what about the 'load' method? What's so different about it?
Class variables in Ruby are more or less as you'd expect form an object oriented language. However, Ruby throws you a curveball you can use to your advantage.
In this part, we'll implement a complete working application.
Storing key/value pairs in Ruby doesn't always need to be accomplished by using a hash. You can also use the Struct and OpenStruct classes.
Before we start coding, we take some time to look at the game of 2048.
By using the Enumerable module, you can make any of your classes act like Ruby standard collections. All you need to do is implement the 'each' method.
Directions of how to install the Tk GUI and its Ruby bindings on Windows, Linux and Mac OS X.
The Ruby on Rails router is responsible for determining which action to run depending on the HTTP request type and URL passed by the web server.
Using the Twitter RubyGem, making API requests to Twitter is even easier than using the twitter method.
Most non-compiled languages have some kind of eval function, which will take a string and execute it as code.
Running the Ruby profiler to determine which methods are most expensive and which need to be optimized.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Buttons primarily
Like just about every programming language every conceived, Ruby supports constants. A constant is a variable whose value cannot be changed. However, in Ruby, this has some caveats.
Some larger projects, especially Ruby on Rails, come with quite a bit of documentation. This is good, documentation is good, but the code that processes this documentation (RDoc) into HTML and ri format is not exactly speedy. On slower computers, or with larger projects, the time this takes becomes and annoyance.
How do Ruby and Perl compare in function and form?
There are many hidden pitfalls when using temporary files. Ruby's Tempfile class solves many of these.
How to use Haml to create Sinatra views and layouts. Page 7.
Ruby programs rarely exist in their own little world. And while many choose to communicate over the internet, there's still plenty of need to access plain old files.
Ruby has a the usual and expect loops, as well as a number of loops specific to Ruby. It even has a way to define you own types of loops.
Before you can start making models, views and controllers for your web application, you need to generate a new applications. Rails projects are too complex to create by hand, you really do need an empty project to bootstrap you. It's not hard though, there's really only one command you need to know.
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A comparison of Ruby to other programming languages, including Perl, Java, Python and PHP.
RVM is great. However, there may be times where you must run Ruby scripts with RVM as root (or another user) via sudo.
Method visibility is crucial to implement proper encapsulation. Ruby provides ways to not only hide instance variables, but to hide instance methods as well.
Why are cloud computing and Ruby on Rails a good match? Let's hear what Hampton Catlin, author of HAML and Wikipedia's head Ruby/mobile architect has to say!
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Hashes aren't just data structures, they have a few tricks up their sleeves. And while you may never end up using any of these tricks, they really show off how flexible the Hash class is.
What does a + b mean? That all depends on what 'a' is. Ruby allows you to define a number of arithmetic operators and they're called on the left-hand side of any such expression.
A review of the book Practical Ruby Projects: Ideas for the Eclectic Programmer by Topher Cyll from Apress.
Reddit wouldn't be much without users. In this tutorial, we install Devise as our authentication solution and get ready to integrate it.
If you're coming from a compiled language, it's easy to think that method calls are like native function calls. This is simply not the case in Ruby.
With RVM installed on your system, it's easy to have many versions of Ruby installed. And, especially if you switch between them often, it's easy to forget which Bash command prompt is using which Ruby version. You can solve this by putting your Ruby version in your Bash prompt.
Ruby 1.9 introduces the concept of a named capture group. These named groups can be defined at the beginning of a regexp statement using a trick that tells for the regexp engine to look for exactly 0 instances of the group. Later, the group can be recalled using the \g element, followed by the name of the group. You can think of named capture groups as subroutines inside of a regular expression.
What is cloud computing? We asked Dave Vandervort of Xerox Innovation Group to help us answer that question and more.
JSON is a data serialization format for communicating between applications. It's a text format that features a lightweight syntax and closely mirrors the common data structures in modern programming languages.
In this article, we'll explore our intended implementation and what it means as the Rails router is concerned.
Now that you have a new Rails project, you're probably at a loss of where to go. Let's start by generating a new controller.
I declared a variable in the global scope, and now I can't access it. What's going on here?
The release of Ruby 1.9.1 brings new features to be learned,among them are the changes in block variable scope. Learn the new syntax for block variable scope introduced in Ruby 1.9.1.
Sometimes blindly opening files just won't cut it, sometimes you need to know more information about a file before opening it.
Exceptions are used to handle things the unexpected things that might go wrong with your Ruby code. This article addresses what Exceptions are and how they can be used.
A feature in Rails that protects against Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) attacks.
Conditional statements are what makes computer programs tick. Without conditional statements, all computer programs would follow the same path from beginning to end.
YAML (YAML Ain't Markup Language) is perhaps the most common form of serialization in Ruby applications. It's used for configuration files in Rails and other projects, and is nearly ubiquitous. It also has distinct advantages over marshal, and is usually preferred.
Without a framework like Rails, and particularly the scaffold generator, getting up and running with any project was a pain. You'd be doing a lot of configuring and planning and typing out all the methods to create blog posts and interact with the database. Rails does all this in just a few commands, and while it's not something you'll want to deploy right away, it does give you an excellent starting point.
If you're going to program in the Ruby language, there are some basic features you absolutely must know. Here are the Top 5.
So far, we've discussed how to use Sinatra in general, how to handle and route requests, and how to build views using Haml. Before we take the plunge into using data storage with Sinatra, let's put what we've discussed so far into practice. This article explains how to use Sinatra to provide a web interface for a gem. Page 4.
As with most flavors of Ruby, the easiest, cleanest and least painful way to install jRuby is with RVM, the Ruby Version Manager. And although jRuby is different than MRI, the official Ruby interpreter, it can be installed just as easily, arguably easier.
Myth: Ruby is unsuitable for game development. It's much too slow, there are no good libraries and it's too hard to deploy your games written in Ruby.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Although the primary